Trishul Missile System ,Short Range Low level Surface to Air missile,IGMDP,India
Trishul is a Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile. It can also be used as an anti-sea skimmer from a ship against low flying attacking missiles. It employs dual thrust propulsion stage using high-energy solid propellant in a maraging steel flow chamber, and is operated on command guidance initially with ka-band gathering and then transferred to the tracking radar. It has necessary electronic counter-counter measures against all known aircraft jammers.
Development of Trishul missile was completed in 2006 and DRDO was in dialogue with Indian Air Force for possible induction of Trishul missile after jointly developing the user trial criteria. Trishul was completed as a “Technology Demonstrator” due to delay in development of state-of-the-art technology and changes in requirement of the Armed Forces.
Defence Research and Development Organisation laboratories, BEL, BHEL, BDL and many other industries and naval establishments are partners in the development of the vertically launched Naval-TRISHUL system. This system has gone through development flight trials for army and sea skimmer trials for navy. The final evaluation is in progress before user trials.
Trishul has been extensively tested by all three Services for target acquisition, ground system and infra-red guidance system. The Trishul Combat Vehicle, the indigenous launcher system using a radar mounted on a tracked vehicle, has gone into production.
By 1998 Trishul had undergone over two dozen developmental flight trials, and the missile was inducted into service in 1999. Trishul will be employed by Indian Army and Air Force against low flying aircraft. The Indian Navy will also use this weapon system in anti-missile role against Exocet and Harpoon possessed by Pakistan.
By August 2001 induction of surface to air missiles ‘Akash‘ and ‘Trishul’ had been delayed. The main reason for delay is the time taken for realization of state-of-the-art technology for guidance and propulsion. As these missiles are based on state-of-the-art technologies, these will enhance the combat capabilities of Indian Air Force.
The Naval version of the short-range Surface-to-Air Missile, “Trishul”, was successfully flight tested at Kochi on 28 and 29 Jan 2002. The missile was tested in sea-skimming mode against low flying targets, establishing the capability of the system in the ‘anti sea skimmer’ role.
All the four flight tests of surface-to-air missile Trishul undertaken during 22-25 June 2002 achieved all mission objectives. The short range surface-to-air Trishul missiles were successfully test-fired from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur-on-sea.
Features and Capabilites
Trishul, with its quickest reaction time, high frequency operation, high manoeuverability, high lethal capability and multi-roles for three services, is state-of-the-art system providing considerable advantage to the Armed forces.
The Trishul with all weather capabiltiy has a range of 9 km and is designed to counter a low level attack with a very quick reaction time.The missile when employed with the fire control Flycatcher radar,blow a hole in the enemy’s plan.Trishul flies with the supersonic speed and has a low altitude sensitive radio-altimeter and height lock loop control onboard,to skim over sea at a very altitude and hit against sea skimmming missiles coming towards our ships. The tracking and guidance have been fully achieved in millimetric band frequency and has necessary electronic counter measures.