SEPECAT Jaguar Ground Attack Aircraft Built By HAL,INDIAN AIR FORCE
The SEPECAT Jaguar is an Anglo-French jet attack aircraft designed and developed by a joint venture between Breguet of France(Now part of Dassault) and UK based British Aircraft Corporation (BAC).It was built by HAL under licence.It was retired from British Royal Air Force in 2007and from French Armee de I’Air in 2005,But it served its service to INDIAN AIR FORCE till Now.
There are 4 forces that uses SEPECAT Jaguar in their airforce:Royal Air Force(UK),French Air Force(France),Royal Air Force (Oman) and Indian Air Force.From first forces it is retired but it is still in service with the IAF.A total of 543 Jaguars were built as of 2015.RAF replaced the SEPECAT Jaguar with Panavia Tornado and Eurofighter Typhoon and French Air force replaced it with Dassault Rafale.Indian plans to replace the Jaguar in future with its upcoming Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) which is under development by HAL.
Breguet and BAC joined in 1966 to develop the Jaguar.The first flight of jaguar took place on 8 September 1968.Orginally it was initially developed as jet trainer with a light ground attack capability but later on it was upgraded to perform various missions like supersonic flights,reconnaissance missions and tactical nuclear strike roles.
Latest Upgrade – SEPECAT Jaguar Ground Attack Aircraft Built By HAL,INDIAN AIR FORCE
HAL Conducted the successful maiden flight of Darin III, the upgraded Jaguar ground attack aircraft,in November 2012.This aircraft is indigenously upgraded by HAL.The HAL upgraded navigation system,electronic warfare system and weapon delivery system but the IAF was not satisfied with that so HAL planned to upgrade more features .Now on March 25,2015 the HAL successfully undertakes the maiden flight of More upgraded Jaguar Strike aircraft with enhanced features as demanded by IAF.
The upgraded version has latest avionics,multi-mode radar,mission computer,engine and flight instrument system,solid state digital recording system and data recorder,autopilot,GPS,Radar warning receiver,latest man-machine interface near the glass cockpit,modern navigation system,electronic warfare and modern weapon delivery system and multi-function displays.The upgrades enables the Darlin III jaguar aircraft to fly in all-weather with air-to-air,air-to-ground and air-to-sea capabilities.
SEPECAT Jaguar Ground Attack Aircraft Built By HAL,INDIAN AIR FORCE-Design
The SEPECAT jaguar is an single-seat aircraft having a monoplane design with an aluminium airframe.The aircraft has swept-wing configuration and has a tricycle-type retractable landing gear.The aircraft is equipped with spoilers,air brakes,double slotted flaps,rudder,slats,critical systems and bulletproof windscreen.The special in-flight refuelling probe is integrated at starboard side of front fuselage that helps to execute air refuelling missions easily even when the climatic conditions are not good.
The SEPECAT Jaguar aircraft has length of 16.83m,height of 4.89 and wing span of 8.68m.It has crew capacity of one member.
SEPECAT Jaguar Ground Attack Aircraft Built By HAL,INDIAN AIR FORCE-Engine and Performance
The SEPECAT jaguar ground attack aircraft is powered by 2x Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour MK 102 turbofan engines that is capable of producing dry thrust of 22.75KN and with afterburners 3.5 KN.The aircraft has maximum take off weight of 15,700 kg.The engine is degined and developed by Rolls-Royce of UK and Turbomeca of France.
The Jaguar exploit by IAF is powered by 2x Adour Mk 811 turbofan engines.The IAF replaced its 125 Jaguar Aircrafts engines with either Adour mk821s or Honeywell F1251N to improve performance and reliability.
The Aircraft has a maximum speed of Mach 1.6 or 1699 km/h with the ferry range of 3524 km.It has combat radius of 908 km and service seiling of 14,000m.It has a rate of climb of 102 m/s.
The avionics suite of SEPECAT Jaguar is integrated with Global Positioning Satellite (GPS),new HUD,hand controller,TIALD laser designator pod,TERPROM terrain Referenced Navigation system,EO GP1 digital reconnaissance pod,helmet-mounted sight,improved cockpit displays,data-link and night vision goggles.
The aircraft was also fitted with fly-by-wire controls and aerodynamic alterations to the airframe.moreover radar altimeters,automatic direction finder,information friend,weapon aiming computer and digital data bus.The cockpit is equipped with head up display,multifunctional displays and it is enclosed with glass canopy.
The Jaguar Aircraft has armed with 2x30mm DEFA cannons guns with 5 hardpoints 4 uder wing and 1 under center-line pylon stations .It is also equipped with 8x Matra rocke pods with 18x SNEB 68mm rockets each.
Missiles include AS.37 Martel anti-radar missiles,AS-30L laser guided air-to-ground missiles and 2x R550 magic Air-to-air missiles.
Bombs included are various unguided or laser-guided or 2x WE177A nuclear bombs and 1xAN-52 nuclear bomb.It has also ECM protection pods,Reconnaissance Pod,ATLIS laser/electro-optical targeting pod,external drop tanks for extended range/loitering time.