Mikoyan MiG-29 Multirole Air Superiority Fighter ,Indian Air Force Strength
Mikoyan MIG-29 Multirole Air superiority Fighter is an twin-engine super manoeuvrable jet fighter aircraft designed in the Sovient Union.The Mig-29 has produced in different variants such as multirole Mikoyan Mig-29M and the Navalised Mikoyan MiG-29K and the most advanced member of the miG family is MiG-35.
MiG-29 entered in service in July 1983 and took its maiden flight in october 1977.the Mig-29 comes under the one of the Indian Air Force premier air fighter.The aircraft was always appreciated for its unrivalled raw performance.
The Mig-29 were used during the 1999 Kargil War in Kashmir by the IAF to provide fighter support or guard to the Mirage 2000s which were attacking the targets with laser-guided bombs.At that time The Indian miG-29 that was armed with beyond visual range air-to-air missiles gained missile lock over Pakistan’s F-16 which was patrolling close to the border but did not engage as no official declaration of war had been issued.Pakistan F-16 doesn’t match the capabilities of Indian Mig-29.
The Indian Air Force Upgrade its MiG-29s to MiG-29 UPG standard.The version has more advanced foreign made avionics suite,latest engine,weapon control system and many more.There are almost 69 MiG-29 aircrafts that served their service to IAF.
Mikoyan MiG-29 Multirole Air Superiority Fighter ,Indian Air Force Strength-Design
The MiG-29 has broad aerodynamic design with swept wing configuration.There is mid-mounted swept wing with combined leading-edge root extensions swept at around 40°.There are also swept tailplanes and two vertical fins that mounted on booms outboard of the engines.On the Trailing edge the manoeuvring flaps and wingtip ailerons are beautifully board.
The airframe of the MiG-29 consists of aluminium and some amount of composite material.The MiG-29 has hydraulic controls and three axis autopilot system.The aircraft is very acrobatic with instantaneous and sustained performance turns.It also has high-alpha capability.No doubt it has breakthrough hydraulic controls and agile capabilities,Like other aircrafts it also has resistance to spins.
The MiG-29 has a length of 17.37m,height of 4.73m and wing span of 11.4m.the crew capacity og aircraft is 1 person.The aircraft has a superior manoeuvrability as there is a space between two engines placement that generates life and hence reduce wing loading therefore improves manoeuvrability of the aircraft.
Mikoyan MiG-29 Multirole Air Superiority Fighter ,Indian Air Force Strength-Engine and performance
The MiG-29 Multirole fighter is powered by 2x Klimov RD-33 turbofans engines that is capable of producing 50 kn thrust each and with afterburner 81.3 KN thrust.It has a maximum take off weight of 20,000 kg.The miG-29 has a speed of Mach 2.25 (2400 km/h) and has a ferry range of 2100 km with the fuel capacity of 3500 kg.
This is best aircraft in IAF as it is the world’s first aircraft fitted with dual-mode air intakes whhich increases its capabilities while operating in poorly prepared airfields.During its flight the air intakes open and feed air to the engines.And while moving on the ground the air intakes are closed and air Is fed through the louvres on the upper surface of the wing root to prevent ingestion of foreign objects from the runway.Hence increases its operability at poorly prepared airfields.
The Aircraft has a range of 1430km and service seiling of 18,000m.It can climb at the rate of 330m/s and weighs around 11,000kg.
Mikoyan MiG-29 Multirole Air Superiority Fighter ,Indian Air Force Strength-Avionics and Cockpit
The MiG-29 has a modern avionics suite which include Phazotron RLPK-29 radar fire control system and the NH01 Sapfir look-down/Shoot-down coherent pulse-Doppler radar.It also equipped with Ts100.02-02 digital computer,an infra-red search and track sensor,a laser range finder and helmet-mounted target designator.
The cockpit of the aircraft has a conventional centre stick with left hand throttle controlls.It is also equipped with special Zvezda zero-zero ejection that shows unmatched performance in emergency escapes.It also includes head-up-displays and modern liquid-crystal multi function displays.
The MiG-29 multirole fighter has a 1x 30mm GSh-30-1 cannon gun with 150 rounds.It has 7 external hardpoints with 6 at paylons exactly under wing and 1 under fuselage.The aircraft can e capable of carrying six R-73 and R-60 air-to-air Short range missiles:four pods of S-5,S-8,S-24 unguided rockets and air bombs weighing up to 3000 kg.
The missiles can capable of intercepting the target with the speed of 3500km/h at the altitude of 0.02 -27 km.