K-15 Sagarika Missile Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM),Indian Armed Forces
K-15 Sagarika is a nuclear-capable submarine launched ballistic missile.It belongs to the k missile family. It is a short-range, ship/submarine-launched, solid propellant, ballistic missile and it forms a part of India’s nuclear triad and will provide retaliatory nuclear strike capability.
This is the first missile in the underwater category to have been developed by India.
Development of the K-15 missile started in the late 1990s with the goal of building a submarine-launched ballistic missile for use with the Indian Navy nuclear-powered Arihant class submarines.It was developed at the Defence Research and Development Organisation’s (DRDO) missile complex in Hyderabad.
The development of underwater missile launcher was completed in 2001 and it was developed at Hazira in Gujarat.The missile began integration with India’s Nuclear Powered Arihant Class Submarine that began trails on 26 July 2009.
Sagarika program may be a technical demonstrator for later submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) projects.
The missile was successfully test fired seven times, and tested to its full range up to four times by 2008. A land-based version of the K-15 Sagarika was successfully test-fired on 12 November 2008. A full range test of the missile was done on 11 March 2012. the missile was again tested for its full range of 700 km and met all its objectives with a single digit impact-accuracy.
Sagarika has a length of 10.8 m, a body diameter of 0.8 m, and a launch weight of 5,500 to 6,300 kg. The payload can be HE or nuclear with a weight of 1000 kg.
It uses Inertial Navigation System and Global Positioning System with terrain contour matching in the terminal phase.
The missile can be launched from Arihant Class Submarines.
The missile is powered by two stage solid fuelled rocket motors. The Sagarika has a maximum range of 700 km.Its range can be extended up to 1900km with 180 km payload.