India’s T-90 Bheeshma MBT vs Pakistan’s Al-Khalid MBT,Controversy,Power Compared
The Indian Army has operated the Russian export model of the T-72 built under license as the Ajeya Main Battle Tank for decades. India has struggled in upgrading these tanks in the numbers it requires for current demand by the army.
The Arjun Main Battle Tank is an indigenous design that has been under development for some years and in service in low numbers. Its larger size and weight compared to the AJeya has caused logistical problems in transporting the tank.Combining the above problems with Pakistan and China producing new tanks, it was decided to purchase the export version of the T-90,The T-90S Main Battle Tank.
T-90S were purchased in 2001 under the designation T-90S Bhishma and further purchases of an upgraded version designated the T-90M Bhishma planned to equip a staggering 20+ armoured regiments in the Indian Army.
Whereas The Al Khalid main battle tank was jointly developed by China and Pakistan. It is a further development of the Chinese Type 90-II tank, which was not accepted to service with the Chinese Army. In the late 1990s it was marketed for export as the MBT-2000.
Pakistan acquired production license of this MBT. The Al Khalid is named after the legendary general Khalid ibn al-Walid. First deliveries of this tank were made in 2002. The Al Khalid is currently in service with Pakistan.
|T-90 The Bheeshma||AL-Khalid|
|Place of Origin||Russian federation||Pakistan|
|Designer||Kartsev-venediktov||Norinco,Factory 617-Heavy Industies Taxila(HIT)-Variants:Chinese:Type 90-IIM|
|Manufacturer||Uralvagonzavod||Hevy industries Taxila (al-khalid)-Norinco(type 90-IIM)|
|Unit Cost||$2.77-4.25 million USD
USD 4.5 Million USD (T-90MS)
|$4.7 million-5.8 million USD|
|The T-90 Main battle tank is based on Russian Design but later on when India purchased the Upgraded versions and designated as T-90M Bhishma then they make their own improvisation in it.||The Al Khalid main battle tank is based on Chinese and Soviet designs. It is considerably smaller and lighter than modern western MBTs.|
India Developed T-90M-Improvised version of T-90S. The T-90M Bhisma is a customised,improved version of the T-90S,which India developed with assistance from Russia an France,with both of whom Indian has very close ties.
India’s T-90 Bheeshma MBT vs Pakistan’s Al-Khalid MBT,Controversy,Power Compared-Specifications
|T-90 The Bheeshma||Al-khalid|
|Weight||46 tonnes (45 long tons; 51 short tons) (T-90)
46.5 tonnes (45.8 long tons; 51.3 short tons) (T-90A)
|46 t (51 short tons)|
|Length||9.63 m (31 ft 7in)||10.07 m (33.0 ft)|
|Width||3.78 m(12 ft 5 in)||3.50 m (11.5 ft)|
|Height||2.22 m (11.5 ft)||2.40m (7.9 ft)|
|Crew||3(commander,Driver and guner)||3(commander,Driver and gunner)|
Engine and Performance
|T-90 The Bheeshma||Al-Khalid|
|Engine||950 hp (736 kW) for V-92S2 12-cyl. diesel engine||KMDB 6TD-2 6-cylinder diesel
|Power/Weight||20.4 hp/tonne (15 kW/tonne) (T-90A)||26 hp/tonne|
|Maximum Road Speed||60 km/h||72 km/h|
|Operational Range||550 km||500 km|
|Suspension||Torsion bar||Torsion bars, hydraulic dampers|
|T-90 The Bheeshma||Al -Khalid|
|Vertical Step||0.8 m||0.85 m|
|Trench||2.85 m||3 m|
|Fording||1.2 m||1.4 m|
|Fording(with preparation)||5 m||5 m|
|It has a welded composite armor hull with a built-in Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor blocks.Its protection is enhanced by 9K119 Refleks ATGM , which significantly reduces the chance of being hit by enemy ATGW with semi-automatic guidance.||Vehicle has a composite armor and is fitted with add-on explosive reactive armor blocks. It is also fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. It also has a advanced laser detection warning system.|
|2A46M 125 mm smoothbore gun with 43 rounds (T-90)
2A46M-5 125 mm smoothbore gun with 42 rounds (T-90A)
|125 mm smoothbore gun, 39 rds|
|12.7mm Kord Heavy machine gun, 7.62mm PKMT||7.62 mm coaxial MG, 3000 rds
12.7 mm external AA MG, 500 rds