India’s T-90 Bheeshma MBT vs Pakistan’s Al-Khalid MBT,Controversy,Power Compared

India’s T-90 Bheeshma MBT vs Pakistan’s Al-Khalid MBT,Controversy,Power Compared

The Indian Army has operated the Russian export model of the T-72 built under license as the Ajeya Main Battle Tank for decades. India has struggled in upgrading these tanks in the numbers it requires for current demand by the army.

The Arjun Main Battle Tank is an indigenous design that has been under development for some years and in service in low numbers. Its larger size and weight compared to the AJeya has caused logistical problems in transporting the tank.Combining the above problems with Pakistan and China producing new tanks, it was decided to purchase the export version of the T-90,The T-90S Main Battle Tank.

T-90S were purchased in 2001 under the designation T-90S Bhishma and further purchases of an upgraded version designated the T-90M Bhishma planned to equip a staggering 20+ armoured regiments in the Indian Army.

Whereas  The Al Khalid main battle tank was jointly developed by China and Pakistan. It is a further development of the Chinese Type 90-II tank, which was not accepted to service with the Chinese Army. In the late 1990s it was marketed for export as the MBT-2000.

Pakistan acquired production license of this MBT. The Al Khalid is named after the legendary general Khalid ibn al-Walid. First deliveries of this tank were made in 2002. The Al Khalid is currently in service with Pakistan.

General Characteristics

T-90 The Bheeshma AL-Khalid
Place of Origin Russian federation Pakistan
In service 1992-Present 2001-Present
Designer Kartsev-venediktov Norinco,Factory 617-Heavy Industies Taxila(HIT)-Variants:Chinese:Type 90-IIM
Designed 1990-99
Manufacturer Uralvagonzavod Hevy industries Taxila (al-khalid)-Norinco(type 90-IIM)
Unit Cost $2.77-4.25 million USD

USD 4.5 Million USD (T-90MS)

$4.7 million-5.8 million USD
Produced 1195-Present 2001-Present


The T-90 Main battle tank is based on Russian Design but later on when India purchased the Upgraded versions and designated as T-90M Bhishma then they make their own improvisation in it. The Al Khalid main battle tank is based on Chinese and Soviet designs. It is considerably smaller and lighter than modern western MBTs.


t90-5Check the TOP 5 Improvisation in T-90M,Improved version of t-90S

India Developed T-90M-Improvised version of T-90S. The T-90M Bhisma is a customised,improved version of the T-90S,which India developed with assistance from Russia an France,with both of whom Indian has very close ties.

India’s T-90 Bheeshma MBT vs Pakistan’s Al-Khalid MBT,Controversy,Power Compared-Specifications

T-90 The Bheeshma Al-khalid
Weight 46 tonnes (45 long tons; 51 short tons) (T-90)

46.5 tonnes (45.8 long tons; 51.3 short tons) (T-90A)

46 t (51 short tons)
Length 9.63 m (31 ft 7in) 10.07 m (33.0 ft)
Width 3.78 m(12 ft 5 in) 3.50 m (11.5 ft)
Height 2.22 m (11.5 ft) 2.40m (7.9 ft)
Crew 3(commander,Driver and guner) 3(commander,Driver and gunner)
t-90vsalkhalid1India's T-90 Bheeshma MBT vs Pakistan's Al-Khalid MBT,Controversy,Power Compared

India’s T-90 Bheeshma MBT vs Pakistan’s Al-Khalid MBT,Controversy,Power Compared

Engine and Performance

T-90 The Bheeshma Al-Khalid
Engine 950 hp (736 kW) for V-92S2 12-cyl. diesel engine KMDB 6TD-2 6-cylinder diesel

1,200 hp

Power/Weight 20.4 hp/tonne (15 kW/tonne) (T-90A) 26 hp/tonne
Maximum Road Speed 60 km/h 72 km/h
Operational Range 550 km 500 km
Suspension Torsion bar Torsion bars, hydraulic dampers


T-90 The Bheeshma Al -Khalid
Gradient 60% 60%
Side Slope 40% 40%
Vertical Step 0.8 m 0.85 m
Trench 2.85 m 3 m
Fording 1.2 m 1.4 m
Fording(with preparation) 5 m 5 m


India's T-90 Bheeshma MBT vs Pakistan's Al-Khalid MBT,Controversy,Power Compared

India’s T-90 Bheeshma MBT vs Pakistan’s Al-Khalid MBT,Controversy,Power Compared

T-90 The Bheeshma



 It has a welded composite armor hull with a built-in Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor blocks.Its protection is enhanced by  9K119 Refleks ATGM , which significantly reduces the chance of being hit by enemy ATGW with semi-automatic guidance. Vehicle has a composite armor and is fitted with add-on explosive reactive armor blocks. It is also fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. It also has a advanced laser detection warning system.

Main Armaments

2A46M 125 mm smoothbore gun with 43 rounds (T-90)

2A46M-5 125 mm smoothbore gun with 42 rounds (T-90A)

125 mm smoothbore gun, 39 rds

Secondary Armaments

12.7mm Kord Heavy machine gun, 7.62mm PKMT 7.62 mm coaxial MG, 3000 rds

12.7 mm external AA MG, 500 rds


About the Author

Vivek Bhardwaj
Vivek Bhardwaj
Hi,I am Vivek owner of this website and Mechanical engineering Student.I am here to blog all the stuff related to All Armed Forces.Jobs,DRDO,HAL,News.I am just madly love with blogging and My website.

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