India’s Arjun Mark 2 vs Pakistan’s Al-khalid|Main Battle Tank Compared|Controversy
The Arjun Mk.2 is an improved version of the original Arjun main battle tank. It was developed in cooperation with Israeli defense companies. A total of 13 major improvements were made. After prolonged development the original Arjun Mk.1 entered service with the Indian Army in 2004.
The new Arjun Mk.2 has improved protection, firepower and mobility over its predecessor. Trials of the Arjun Mk.2 began in 2012. It was first publicly revealed in 2014.
Whereas The Al Khalid main battle tank was jointly developed by China and Pakistan. It is a further development of the Chinese Type 90-II tank, which was not accepted to service with the Chinese Army. In the late 1990s it was marketed for export as the MBT-2000.
Pakistan acquired production license of this MBT. The Al Khalid is named after the legendary general Khalid ibn al-Walid. First deliveries of this tank were made in 2002. The Al Khalid is currently in service with Pakistan.
|Place of Origin||India||Pakistan|
|Designer||CVRDE, DRDO||Norinco,Factory 617-Heavy Industies Taxila(HIT)-Variants:Chinese:Type 90-IIM|
|Manufacturer||Heavy Vehicles Factory,Avadi||Hevy industries Taxila (al-khalid)-Norinco(type 90-IIM)|
|Unit Cost||More than $9 million USD||$4.7 million-5.8 million USD|
|Design||The Arjun Mk.2 has some design similarities with the German Leopard 2A5 main battle tank.The new Indian tank weights a whooping 68 t. Which makes it the heaviest tank in the world. It is even heavier than the American M1A2 Abrams or British Challenger 2. Hull and turret of the Arjun Mk.2 were redesigned.||The Al Khalid main battle tank is based on Chinese and Soviet designs. It is considerably smaller and lighter than modern western MBTs.|
|Weight||68 tonnes||46 t (51 short tons)|
|Length||10.64 m||10.07 m (33.0 ft)|
|Width||3.95 m||3.50 m (11.5 ft)|
|Height||2.8 m||2.40m (7.9 ft)|
|Crew||4(commander,Driver ,loader and guner)||3(commander,Driver and gunner)|
Engine and Performance
|Engine||MTU MB 838 Ka-501 diesel||KMDB 6TD-2 6-cylinder diesel
|Maximum Road Speed||58 km/h||72 km/h|
|Operational Range||400 km||500 km|
|Suspension||Torsion bar||Torsion bars, hydraulic dampers|
|Vertical Step||0.9 m||0.85 m|
|Trench||2.4 m||3 m|
|Fording||1.4 m||1.4 m|
|Fording(with preparation)||2.15 m||5 m|
India’s Arjun Mark 2 vs Pakistan’s Al-khalid|Main Battle Tank Compared|Controversy-Armaments
|Armor||The Arjun Mark II tank protection includes explosive reactive armour (ERA) system integrated at the front part of the Chassis and the turret.It has enhanced with improved KANCHAN armour,a modular composite armour developed by India.This is the special armour made by sandwiching composite panels between Rolled homogeneous armour (RHA).The armour is capable to defeat APDS,APFSDS and HEAT rounds||Vehicle has a composite armor and is fitted with add-on explosive reactive armor blocks. It is also fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. It also has a advanced laser detection warning system.|
|Main Armaments||Fully stablised 120 mm Main Rifles gun and ATGW LAHAT||125 mm smoothbore gun, 39 rds|
|Secondary Armaments||7.62 mm machine gun mounted coaxially,A Remote Controlled Weapon Station mounted on top of the turret with 12.7mm NSVT machine gun.It is also equipped with bank of eight 81 mm grenade launchers mounted on each side of the rear part of the turret.||7.62 mm coaxial MG, 3000 rds
12.7 mm external AA MG, 500 rds