HAL Hawk Mk. 132, BAE Hawk,Advanced Jet Trainer (AJT) ,Indian Armed Forces
The Hawk Mk. 132 is an Advanced Jet Trainer (AJT) with tandem dual seats meant to provide basic ,advanced flying and weapons training.
Basically Hawk is a British Single-engine,jet powered advanced trainer aircraft which is being used in a training capacity and as a low-cost combat aircraft. The Hawk Mk 132 is a variant of the highly successful BAE Systems. The aircraft is being produced at HAL(Hindustan Aeronautics limited) under licence from BAES, UK.
Induction in Indian Armed Forces
The Hawk Mk. 132 formally entered service with Indian Air Force (IAF) on 23 February 2008. The IAF received 24 aircraft directly from BAE Systems with deliveries beginning in November 2007, and further 42 Hawks assembled by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited between 2008 and 2011.In February 2008, India planned to order 57 more Hawks, with 40 going to the Indian Air Force and the remaining 17 to the Indian Navy.
It was announced in July 2010 that the IAF and The Navy would receive the additional 57 aircraft and all that will be built in India by Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) under licence from BAE.Hal has so far produced 36 aircrafts and would be producing all the 57 aircrafts by 2017.
Then a contract was signed between Hindustan Aeronautics(HAL) and GE Aviation on 10 February 2011 in which GE Aviation will conduct the next 30 years of maintenance on the Hawk Fleet (which is based at IAF’s Bidar Station in North Karnataka).
In December 2011, BAE received a contract to provide India with spares and ground support. As of 2015, a total of 123 aircraft were ordered by the Indian Air Force and 17 by the Indian Navy.An additional order of 20 aircraft is being negotiated.
Design and Features
Hawk Mk .132 has a length of 12.43 m ,height of 3.98 m and wingspan of 9.9 m.The wing area is 16.70 m .It has crew capacity of 2 ;Student and Instructor.The empty mass of the aircraft is 4.440 kg.
The aircraft is also used for ground attack along with Flying training and weapon training.It has a low wing and an all-metal structure. The aircraft is cleared for a wide range of aerobatic manoeuvres and exhibits very good resistance to departure even outside the normal flight envelope.
The Hawk AJT has excellent flying characteristics with good stability,can be flown at night ,either dual or solo without any additional flight limitations.It has outstanding response to controls about all three axes.
At incidences up to the stall, the aircraft is stable about all axes for all flap configurations.It has immediate recovery from any stall on just moving the control column forward.
Cockpit and Avionics
The Hawk Mk. 132 has advanced glass cockpit that provides excellent field of view .The aircraft is integrated with state of art avionics suite including Inertial navigation/Global Positioning System,Head-up display and hands-On Throtthle and Stick Controls.
The aircraft is spin-resistant, but is cleared for deliberate upright spinning in the basic aircraft configuration with or without the gunpod. It is also equipped with several other Indian made components such as the communication sets, Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) system and the radio altimeter.
Engine and Performance
The Hawk Mk. 132 has powered by Rolls Royce Adour Mk 871 Turbofan engine capable of producing thrust 1x 25.5 kn at sea level ISA.The aircraft fly with the maximum takeoff weight 9100 kg.It has Internal fuel capacity of 360 Imp galls and also 2 external Drop tanks are there of 130 Imp Galls each.
The aircraft has maximum speed of 0.84 Mach at sea level and 0.85 Mach at 30000 ft.The flight ceiling of AJT is 13522 m. The aircraft has an inverted flight (negative g) capability of 30 secs.
The aircraft is currently cleared for take-off and landing with a crosswind component of 30 knots (55 km/hr).
The aircraft can accommodate a wide variety of external stores. The aircraft has 7 hard points to carry external stores with a possible 12 types of combinations to carry the stores.