DRDO Daksh-ROV (Remotely Operated Vehicle),First Robot to defuse bombs
Daksh is an electrically powered Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) designed and developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) at the Research and Development Establishment(Engineers),Pune,India.
The most advanced DRDO’s Daksh is primarily designed to recover improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and also used for locating, handling and destroying hazardous objects safely.
The DRDO transferred its ROV technology for production at three firms ,at Dynalog,Theta Controls and Bharat Electronics. The Army has also placed limited series production orders for 20 Dakshs after extensive trails,testing and acceptance.The first batch of five units was handed over to General Combat Engineers, on 19 December 2011.
Daksh will serve bomb disposal units (BDU) of the army, police and paramilitary forces in handling IEDs and other hazardous materials. The Indian Army has the requirement for 100 ROVs.
Description and KEY Features of DRDO’s Daksh
- The ROV Daksh is based on a motorised pantlilt platform.
- The DRDO Daksh can be remotely controlled from a range of 500m.
- The ROV vehicle’s manipulator arm can handle hazardous objects of up to 20kg from 2.5m and 9kg from a 4m distance.
- Daksh can able to climb the stairs and negotiates steep slopes.
- The solid wheels with unrivalled capabilities made of rubber can withstand the blast impacts.
- Once fully charged,the vehicle can tow suspected platforms and operate continuously up to three hours.
- ROV Daksh is equipped with multiple cameras, IED handling equipment, nuclear biological chemical (NBC) reconnaissance systems, a master control station (MCS) and a shotgun
- The ROV Daksh and MCS are transported by a specially designed carrier vehicle.
Main Operation –IED handling equipment of DAKSH
Thye major operation carried out by ROV Daksh is IED handling.The IED (Improvised Explosives Devices) handling equipment scans,handles and removes hazardous objects.
The water jet disruter integrated on the vehicles can safely diffuse IEDs.If the vehicle detect a bomb then it can defuse it safely with its water disrupters.The Rov can lift,drag and tow suspected objects away from the area.
The onboard X-ray unit scans horizontal and vertical planes. The unit is equipped with real-time imaging facility with zoom in / out and multiple auto snapshot creation facility. The image processing software allows the users to alter brightness, contrast, sharpness, blurring, negation and mirror settings.
NBC Reconnaissance systems
Daksh is equipped with a radiation measurement and automatic control unit (RADMAC) and portable gas chromatograph (PGC) to monitor the contamination level in NBC affected surroundings.The RADMAC is capable to measure neutron dose and INR dose.It can also detect X and Gamma rays from 60Kev to 2Mev and is integrated with special multiple detectors for gamma dose and gamma flash.There is also the dedicated sensor element installed that can detect radiation leaks.
PGC or Portable Gas Chromatograph detects the presence of gas and the concentration levels..The unit includes a dot matrix printer to display results in numeric as well as in graphical format. It has a user programmable library of gases with their features, to enable quick detection and determination of contamination levels. PGC unit is also provided with user definable alarm settings and auto peak detection and reporting features.
Master Control System of DRDO’s Daksh
The ROV Daksh can be remotely controlled by a single operator using the MCS.The control station has a user friendly interface and advanced controls for managing the multiple operations of Daksh.
The MCS is the wheeled,trolley based independently powered system that delivers high mobility in the field. The onboard modern communication systems allow command and control as well as image transmission between Daksh and MCS. The membrane keypad, touch-screen and joysticks on the MCS allow the operator to run and control the ROV with ease. The touch screen simultaneously displays four camera inputs with full screen option.
Carrier Vehicle to Carry Daksh
The Daksh,MCS,bomb disposal stores and crew is carried by specially designed carrier vehicles for hazardous disposal operations.The carrier vehicle is featured air-conditioned compartment with soft interiors.The weapons of crew accommodated in a six-bay lockable rifle rack.
A separate compartment is provided for equipment storage and space is available for bomb disposal stores. Either side of the vehicle is provided with rifle port holes for self defence.The vehicle is also equipped with a refrigerator, foldable ramp, 1KVA generator, battery charger, global positioning system (GPS) and rear view display system.