Dassault Mirage 2000 Multirole Fighter Indian Air Force Strength
The Dassault 2000 is a French multirole,single-engine fourth-generation jet fighter designed and manufactured by Dassault Aviation.It took off its maiden flight in march 1978 and introduced in November 1982.The Mirage 2000 lightweight multi-role fighter with several variants developed, served its service to nine nations.
Indian Air Force has total number of 59 Mirage 2000 in service since 1985.In 1999 During Kargil war with Pakistan ,The Mirage 2000 has a vital role in Guarding the Himalayas.The Aircraft has a limited air interdiction capability and it was heavily modified to drop laser guided as well as conventional unguided bombs during war.It is one of the most efficient fighters of the IAF due to its impressive performance and easy maintenance.
Induction in Indian Air Force
Indian Air Force currently have 50 Dassault Mirrage 2000 in service with three different versions ;39 Dassault M2000H ,9 Dassault M2000TH and 2 aircrafts of Dassault Mirage 2000I/TI version.They all are upgraded to remain operational until 2040 in Indian Air Force.
The Indian Air Force (IAF) purchased 49 Mirage 2000s, comprising 42 single-seaters and 7 two-seaters, in the 1980s. In 2004, the Indian government approved purchase of ten Mirage 2000Hs more.
In 1999 During kargil conflict the Mirage 2000 performed remarkably. Two Mirage squadrons flew a total of 515 sorties, and in 240 strike missions dropped 55,000 kg (121,000 lb) of ordnance. Easy maintenance and a very high sortie rate made the Mirage 2000 one of the most efficient fighters of the IAF in the conflict.
In 2006 IAF decided to upgrade its fleet of 51 Mirage ‘Vajra’ fighter Jets by giving the aircraft more capabilities,bringing them to Mirage 2000-5 Mk 2 standard, and extending its useful life for another 20–25 years.The contract was signed in 2011.In July 2011 Indian approved an $3 billion upgrade to its entire Mirage 2000 fleet and for over 400 MICA missiles.
Two Mirage two-seater trainers crashed in 2012. In March 2015, India received the first two of the upgraded Mirage 2000 fighter jets from Dassault in France.The updation include the fitting of Thales RDY 2 radar,a helmet-mounted display,new avionics and the ability to fire new weapons inlcuding MICA missile.
The upgraded jets are designated as Mirage 2000I for the single-seat version and the Mirage 2000TI for twin-seat version.
Dassault Mirage 2000 Multirole Fighter Indian Air Force Strength-Design and Features
The Mirage 2000 features a low-set thin delta wing configuration with cambered section.IT has leading edges swept at 58 degrees and the root are moderately blended .There are two small canard wings that is fixed and placed just behind the air intakes.The flight surfaces on the wings are integrated with four elevons and four leading edge slats.The aircraft demonstrate relaxed stability and high manoeuvrability.
The aircraft has a retractable tricycle landing gear.The landing features a hydraulic retraction mechanism and electro-hydraulic steering of the nosewheel.
The Mirage 2000 aircraft has a length of 14.36m,height of 5.20m and wingspan of 9.13m.It has crew capacity if 1 member.
Dassault Mirage 2000 Multirole Fighter Indian Air Force Strength-Engine and Performance
The Mirage 2000 is powered by new and powerful SNECMA M53 afterburning bypass turbojet engine developed by ACF.The engine is capable of producing 64 KN thrust and with afterburner 98 KN Thrust.The aircraft has maximum take off weight of 17000 kg and fuel capacity of 3978 litres.
It has maximum speed of Mach 2.2 and ferry range of 3335 km.It has rate of climb of 285m/s.It has a range and service ceiling of 1550 km and 17,060 m respectively.
Dassault Mirage 2000 Multirole Fighter Indian Air Force Strength-Avionics and Cockpit
Avionics include Sagem ULISS 52 inertial navigation system (INS),TRT radio altimeter,Dassault Electronique Type 2084 central digital computer,Digibus digital data bus and Sextant Avionique Type 90 air data computer.
The aircraft is equipped with communication equipment package which includes the LMT NRAI-7A IFF transponder,IO-300-A marker beacon receiver,TRT ERA 7000 V/UHF com transceiver,TRT ERA 7200 UHF or EAS secure voice communications.The aircraft has a high degree of agility and easy handling with the automatic fly-by-wire flight control system.It is also integrated with Thales RDY (Radar Doppler Multitarget) Radar.
The Mirage 2000 is available as a single seat or two seat multi role fighter.The cockpit is quite small and have SEM MB Mk10 zero-zero ejection seat.
Mirage 2000 can also carry up to 6.3 tonnes of payload .The aircraft is equipped with twin DEFA 554 30mm revolver-type cannons with 125 rounds each.The cannons fires at the rate of 1200 or 1800 rounds per minute.The aircraft has a 9 total hardpoints 4 under wing and 5 under fuselage with the capacity of 6300kg all.
The Aircraft integrated with Matra 68 mm unguided rocket pods (18 rockets per pod).
Air-to-Air Missiles include 6x MBDA MICA IR/RF,2x Matra R550 Magic-II and 2x Matra Super 530D.
Air-to-Surface missiles include 2x AM.39 Exocet,2x AS-30L laser-guided missile and 1x ASMP tactical nuclear cruise missile.Bombs include 9x Mk.82 unguided bombs and PGM 500 and PGM 2000 modular guided bombs.