AGNI-1 SRBM (Short Range Ballistic Missile),Indian Armed Forces

AGNI-1 SRBM (Short Range Ballistic Missile),Indian Armed Forces

The Agni series of ballistic missiles was developed under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme of the Defence Research and Development Organisation of India.It is a family of medium to intercontinental range Ballistic missiles named after one of the five elements of nature.

Agni missiles are long range,nuclear weapons capable surface to surface ballistic missile.The Agni missiles family consists of four deployed variants.The Agni-I,Agni-II,Agni-III and Agni-IV are in service with Indian army.Agni-V,The Fifth series of Agni missiles are under testing.A new intercontinental ballistic missile variant,the Agni-VI is under development.It is expected to give its service service to Indian Army by 2018.

India also possesses other powerful missiles like Akash,Prithvi,Nag and Trishul where all have different strike capabilities and roles but the Agni is by far the most superior set of missiles India is in possession of.

Let us discuss about the Agni missiles one by one.

Check other Missiles in AGNI Series
AGNI-2 MRBM (Medium Range Ballistic Missile),Indian Armed Forces
AGNI-3 IRBM (Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile),Indian Armed Forces
AGNI-4 IRBM (Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile),Indian Armed Forces
AGNI-5 ICBM (intercontinental Ballistic Missile),Indian Armed Forces

AGNI-1 SRBM (Short Range Ballistic Missile),Indian Armed Forces

The Agni-I is a short range ,road/rail mobile,solid propellent ballistic missile.It is developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of India under the Integrated Missile Development program.It falls between the short-range and medium-range category and it fills the gap between India’s Prithvi systems and the Agni-II.

The Agni-I was developed after the Agni-II and borrows from its sister’s design.The Agni-II uses a two-stage motor platform,while the Agni-I uses only a single stage motor which is  based on the first-stage motor of the Agni-2 platform. It has a shorter range but a heavier payload than the Agni-2.It is developed after the Kargil war and its range lies between 250 km range of Prithvi-Ii and 2500 km range of Agni-II.



Development of the Agni-1 began in 1999 and the missile was first tested in January 2002 from a TEL vehicle at the Interim Test Range on Wheelers’ Island off India’s eastern coast. American reports suggest that this first test was a failure – though some authorities say otherwise,but subsequent tests have been successful.

Test firings were made in January 2003, July 2004, October 2007, March 2008, and March 2010. Dr. V. K. Atre, head of the Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO), recently stated that all technical parameters set by the Army had been “fully met.” Military sources indicate the missile is currently in production at a consistent rate, and that full scale production was approved in August 2004. The successful test launch also occurred in July 2012.

Then on  November 9, 2013, the Strategic Forces Command conducted a successful user trial from Wheeler Island, off the Orisa coast.

On September 9, 2014 the Agni-I missile was again test fired from Wheeler’s Island, of Orisa coast by Strategic Forces Command.In this the trajectory of the trail was tracked by a battery of sophisticated radars, telemetry observation stations, electro-optic instruments and naval ships from its launch till the missile hit the target area with pin-point accuracy.This was done to strengthen operational readiness.Agni1-1

Features and capabilities

The Agni-I missile is 15 m long and 1 m in diameter.The missile has a launch weight of 12,000 kg.It can capable of carrying a conventional payload maximum of 2000 kg and it is equipped with 20 or 45 kt nuclear warhead,conventional HE-unitary,penetration,sub-munitions,incendiary or fuel air explosives.The 20 kt warhead is larger than those used against Japan during World War 2,although by modern standards this warhead is more appropriate for use against military targets.

Propulsion and Performance

Agni-I is powered by Single stage Solid fuel engine.The missile has a range of 700-1250 km.It has flight altitude of 200 km  and flight ceiling of 370 km.

The Agni-I is capable of hitting the target at the speed of Mach 7.5 (9187 kph) with the impressive accuracy of 25 m CEP.


The Agni-1 is designed to be launched from 8×8 Tatra Transporter-Erector-Launcher (TEL) vehicles, either road or rail-mobile. This mobility will allow India to position and fire the Agni-1 during rapidly changing military situations. In addition, the missile has a relatively high accuracy, due to the fact that it combines an Ring Laser Gyro-INS (inertial Navigation system) with a terminal phase radar correlation targeting system on its warhead.

Check the video of AGNI-1 SRBM (Short Range Ballistic Missile),Indian Armed Forces test fired on 13 July 2012

About the Author

Vivek Bhardwaj
Vivek Bhardwaj
Hi,I am Vivek owner of this website and Mechanical engineering Student.I am here to blog all the stuff related to All Armed Forces.Jobs,DRDO,HAL,News.I am just madly love with blogging and My website.

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